Run Commands, Windows Key combinations, and more!

xplogoThis list should be the basic knowledge for every system administrator. This is not a comprehensive list with every possible command or key combination. Instead, it’s a list with all the useful commands and key combination, which are commonly used.

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General Windows Shortcut Keys
F1 – Universal Help key – Works in all Microsoft based programs
F2 – Rename files or Folders
F3 – Opens up the Find dialogue
F5 – Refresh contents in current application
F6 – Switch between left and right panes
F10 – Activate the menu bar in programs
Backspace – View the folder one level up
Tab – Move forward through options
Winkey & D – This will minimise all windows you have open and take you to the desktop. by pressing it again this can be reversed
Winkey & E – This will open up the Windows Explorer file browser window
Winkey & TAB – This will cycle through open programs through the taskbar.
Winkey & F – This will open up the windows search feature
Winkey & CTRL & F – This will open up the search for computers window.
Winkey & F1 – This will open up the Microsoft Help and Support Centre
Winkey & R – This will bring up the run box dialogue
Winkey & L – This will lock the computer and take you to the sign in screen
Winkey & M – Same a Winkey & D, But won’t change back
Winkey & Shift & M – Same as pressing Winkey & D the second time
Winkey & U – Run utility Manager and Narrator Voice
Winkey & Break – Display System Properties
Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)
Left ALT & left SHIFT & PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)
Left ALT & left SHIFT & NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)

General Editing Keys
ALT & F – Opens up the file menu
ALT & E – Opens up the edit menu
Ctrl & A – Highlights all text
Ctrl & C – Copy’s highlighted selected text
Ctrl & X -Cuts highlighted selected text
Ctrl & V – Pastes text from clipboard into document
Ctrl & Z – Reverses last action
Ctrl & P – Brings up the print dialogue
Ctrl & B – Embolden Text
Ctrl & I – Place text in italics
Ctrl & U – Underline text
Insert – Toggles between over type mode and normal mode
Ctrl & Insert – Copy’s selected text
Shift & Delete – Cuts highlighted selected text
Shift & Insert – Pastes text from clipboard into document
Shift & Home – Selects the text from current cursor position to beginning of line
Shift & End – Selects the text from current cursor position to end of line
Ctrl & Left Arrow – Move the cursor backwood one word
Ctrl & Right Arrow – Move the cursor forward one word
Home Key – Goes to beginning of current line
End Key – Goes to end of current line
Ctrl & Home – Goes to top of document
Ctrl & End – Goes to end of document

Other Misc Keys
CTRL & SHIFT & ESC this will open the windows task manager
ALT & Enter – View an item’s properties
Alt & Space Bar – Display the current window’s system menu
Alt & Tab – Cycles through current open applications
Alt & F4 – Closes the current open application
Ctrl & Escape – Brings up the start menu
Shift & F10 – Display the item’s context menu
Shift & Del – When deleting a selected highlighted item – this will bypass the recycle bin
Holding Shift Key – While inserting a CD/DVD will bypass the auto play feature
F8 – While pressing this key on boot up will bring you to the boot up options screen – handy for entering safe mode

Runbox msc commands (Microsoft Management Console snap-in)
——————–
ciadv.msc = indexing service
compmgmt.msc = computer management
devmgmt.msc = device manager
dfrg.msc = disk defragment
diskmgmt.msc = disk management
eventvwr.msc = event viewer
fsmgmt.msc = shared folders
gpedit.msc = group policies
lusrmgr.msc = local users and groups
ntmsmgr.msc = removable storage operator request
perfmon.msc = performance monitor
rsop.msc = resultant set of policies
secpol.msc = local security settings
services.msc = various Services
secpol.msc = local security settings
certmgr.msc = certificate manager
wmimgmt.msc = windows management infrastructure

Runbox cpl commands
———————-
ac3filter.cpl = ac3 filter(if installed)
access.cpl = accessibility option control
appwiz.cpl = add/remove programs control
desk.cpl = display properties control
directx.cpl = direct x control panel(if installed)
findfast.cpl = FindFast control
firewall.cpl = windows firewall
hdwwiz.cpl = add hardware wizard
inetcpl.cpl = Internet Properties control
intl.cpl = regional and language options
joy.cpl = game controlloers control
jpicpl32.cpl = java control panel(if installed)
main.cpl = Mouse Properties control
mmsys.cpl = Multimedia Properties control
ncpa.cpl = network control
netsetup.cpl = network setup wizard
nusrmgr.cpl = user accounts control
odbccp32.cpl =odbc data souce adminstrator
password.cpl = Password Properties control
powercfg.cpl = power options properties control
joy.cpl = game controlloers control
sysdm.cpl = System Properties control
sticpl.cpl = scanner and camera control
tlephon.cpl = telephone and moden options
timedate.cpl = date/time Properties control
waaucpl.cpl = automatic updates
wscui.cpl = security center

Runbox control commands
———————— -
control admintools = amdinistrative tools
control color = display properties(appearence)
control desktop = desktop properties
control folders = folder properties
control fonts = fonts properties
control keyboard = keyboard properties
control netconnections = network connections
control mouse = mouse properties
control printers = printer and fax options
control schedtasks = schedualed tasks

Runbox non grouped commands
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dxdiag = direct x trounbleshooter
ddeshare = dde share
cliconfg = sql client configaration
cmd = command prompt
dcomcnfg = component services
clipbrd = clipboard
chkdsk = check disk utility
fsquirt = bluetooth transfer wizard
folders = folders properties
font = fonts folder
freecell = freecell
calc = caculator
charmap = carater graph
cleanmgr = too long to explain but useful
command = opens command prompt
diskpart = disk partition manager
explorer = explorer
iexpress = iexpress wizard
javaws = java control panel(in installed)
logoff = logs you out of windows
magnity = windows magnifier
msconfig = system Configuration Utility
msinfo32 = system Infomation
msimn = letterbox
mailto = opens default email client
notepad = notepad
osk = keyboard
packager = object packager
perfmon = performance minitor
prefetch = the thing windows prepairs
regedit = Registry Editor
regedit32 -
sfc = system file checker utility
taskmgr = task manager
telnet = telnet client
wab = windows address book
wabmig = windows address book (adding something)
win.ini = windows loading information(also system.ini)
winver = shows current version of windows
winchat = microsoft chat
sysedit = System Edit
tourstart = tour pub when xp is installed
drwtsn32 = dr. watson troubleshooting utility
verifier = driver verifier utility
sigverif = file signature verification tool
write = wordpad
utelman = utility manager

Runbox subdirectories
—————-
Accessibility settings
access.cpl @0,1 = keyboard
access.cpl @0,2 = sound
access.cpl @0,3 = display
access.cpl @0,4 = mouse
access.cpl @0,5 = general

Desk settings
desk.cpl = theme
desk.cpl @0,0 = desktop
desk.cpl @0,1 = screen saver
desk.cpl @0,2 = apearance
desk.cpl @0,3 = setting

Internet Settings
inetcpl.cpl @0,0 = general
inetcpl.cpl @0,1= security
inetcpl.cpl @0,2 = privacy
inetcpl.cpl @0,3 = content
inetcpl.cpl @0,4 = connections
inetcpl.cpl @0,5 = programs
inetcpl.cpl @0,6 = advanced

Regional settings
intl.cpl @0,0 = regoal options
intl.cpl @0.1 = languges
intl.cpl @0,2 = advanced

Keyboard/mouse
main.cpl @0,1 = buttons
main.cpl @0,1,1 = pointers
main.cpl @0,2 = pointers options
main.cpl @0,3 = wheel
main.cpl @0,4 = hardware
main.cpl @1,0 = keyboard speed
main.cpl @1,1,1 = keyboard hardware

Sounds properties box
mmsys.cpl @0,0= volume
mmsys.cpl @0,1 = sound
mmsys.cpl @0,2 = audio
mmsys.cpl @0,3 = voice
mmsys.cpl @0,4 = hardward

System Settings
sysdm.cpl @0,0 = general
sysdm.cpl @0,1 = computer name
sysdm.cpl @0,2 = hardware
sysdm.cpl @0,3 = advanced
sysdm.cpl @0,4 = restore system
sysdm.cpl @0,5 = automatic updatet
sysdm.cpl @0,6 = remote

Variables that work with the runcommand box:
%allusersprofile% = local returns the location of the all users profile.
%appdata% = local returns the location where applications store data by default.
%cd% = local returns the current directory string.
%comspec% = system returns the exact path to the command shell executable.
%homedrive% = system returns which local workstation drive letter is connected to the user’s home directory. this variable is set based on the value of the home directory. the user’s home directory is specified in local users and groups.
%homepath% = system returns the full path of the user’s home directory. this variable is set based on the value of the home directory. the user’s home directory is specified in local users and groups. The user’s home directory is specified in local users and groups.
%logonserver% = local returns the name of the domain controller that validated the current logon session.
%programfiles% = returns the location of the default install directory for applications.
%systemdrive% = system returns the drive containing the windows root directory (i.e., the system root).
%systemroot% = system returns the location of the windows root directory.
%temp% = system and user return the default temporary directories for applications that are available to users who are currently logged on. some applications require temp and others require tmp.
%tmp% = system and user return the default temporary directories for applications that are available to users who are currently logged on. some applications require temp and others require tmp.
%(time)% = system returns the current time. this variable uses the same format as the time /t command. cmd.exe generates this variable. for more information about the time command, see the time command.
%(userdomain)% = local returns the name of the domain that contains the user’s account.
%(username)% = local returns the name of the user currently logged on.
%userprofile% = local returns the location of the profile for the current user.
%windir% = system returns the location of the os directory

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3 Responses

  1. Marcus says:

    You forgot mspaint ;D

  2. Ibrahim says:

    Please do you know a key combination that will change the user logon to adminstrator logon on a
    windows 7 platform. I cannot log onto my user account.

    • Anonymous says:

      dick

      Please do you know a key combination that will change the user logon to adminstrator logon on awindows 7 platform. I cannot log onto my user account.

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